Each week we generate a large amount of trash around the world, either in restaurants, office, houses, everywhere. The way we manage the inorganic trash nowadays depends on the country but normally it is with treatment and recycling.
For the organic trash there are some easy procedures, but even that, most of people do not know how to handle the organic matter and they end up wasting it.
One way to give the organic trash an use is the vermiculture, the vermiculture is an efficient system that helps the planet handling waste in the best way.
What is vermiculture?
Vermiculture is an organic waste management system generated by earthworms where vermicompost is the final result.
It is an alternative management that allows improving the microbiological characteristics of organic waste, using earthworms to accelerate the transformation of organic waste in order to generate natural products such as worm fertilizer, nutrient leaching and fish food.
Aristoteles defined earthworms as the intestine of the earth. Until the end of the last century was when the first edition of the book „The formation of vegetable humus“ appeared, where Darwin explains his studies and observations on the role played by earthworms in soil transformation (Arroyo, Ma del Mar Delgado, et al., 2004 )
However, earthworms can not transform all organic waste such as garlic, onion or acid fruits, so it is important to separate garbage in organic and inorganic, as well as the types of organic waste.
What kind of food do the worms process?
They consume almost all the remains of fruit and vegetables, except acid fruits, wet cardboard boxes, paper, even those movie tickets that you keep.
An easy food to get for worms is in the morning when you prepare for work, hair. Or the remains of your ground coffee in the mornings. As well as egg and banana shells, and more leaves.
At the time of harvesting on the farm, we separate the best plants for sale and the rest is destinated for feeding the worms, avoiding a waste of food. The worms take about a week to transform the food into a fertilize and leachate.
To extract the worm fertilizer there are different methods, one is to put the food of the worms for a week in only one side of the bed, so when they extract the fertilizer they will not take worms with it. To extract the leachate, it’s used the previously elaboration of the bed, where a pipe system is introduced in the bottom part of the bed, and takes water to a tub which conserves the liquid in a shaded place.
The leachate, which is the soluble extraction of the resulting material, is irrigated to the plants. Since being highly concentration in nutrients generated by the earthworms, it generates a greater growth and more nutritional value to the plants.
The fertilizer taken from the vermiculture beds is called vermicomposta, which consists of insoluble transformation of the organic waste. The vermicompost can be sold and is also used in the process of germination of the plants.
Why is compost important?
Nowadays, in the world exists an overpopulation which generates tons of garbage per day.
In developed countries one person produces, on average, 1 kilogram of garbage per day. In developing countries it produces between 400 and 700 grams per habitant per day. Counting that we are 7.53 billion people in the world, It gives us an excessive result.
Since natural resources are not infinite, but limited, and it is necessary to recycle them, vermiculture has had a huge boom and spread (Arroyo, Ma del Mar Delgado et al., 2004) By using vermiculture at Taino Farm, we improve waste management and help the planet or even us.
By using vermiculture at Taino Farm, we improve waste management and help the planet or even us.