Permaculture is a system of agricultural and social, political and economic design principles based on the patterns and characteristics of the natural ecosystem, a term coined by Australians Bill Mollison and David Holmgren in 1978 (***).
Society by the time has moved further away from nature, to the point of not knowing where or how are obtained the resources we consume daily.
Imagine that you are in England and you feel like having a Nile fish fillet with a salad. What would we do?
Simply, go to the nearest supermarket to buy the fish and return home to cook it. Easy, right?
However, we do not see what damage we do to the ecosystem and to society as a whole. The fish of the Nile, known for reaching 2 meters in length and weighing 200 kg. It is obtained from Africa and causes damage to the environment as it is a species of fish introduced into the lake of Tanzania that caused the extinction of hundreds of local species.
In the social field, has made a great tragedy, since it is imported from Tanzania to European countries with a total of 500 tons of fillets daily and then imported to the rest of the world.
When the food is imported, a huge contamination is caused by the transport, besides, the price of it becomes more expensive, making impossible for the Africans to buy it.
The importation generates poverty and lack of food for the Africans, since in order to reproduce the fish and sell more, the company distributes it to more places, destroying the ecosystems and generating an imbalance in the environment and fewer species with which africans can feed .
This is an example of what we do every day and we do not think about where it comes from and what repercussions does it has.
Therefore, permaculture is considered important, since you obtain natural resources in a way that does not affect the environment.
What is permaculture?
Permaculture is a system present in Taino Farm for 15 years that consists in the conscious design of landscapes that mimic nature’s patterns and relationships, while providing abundant food, fiber and energy to meet local needs.
The existing opportunities to maintain or develop more self-sufficient means for the needs of the human being are limited. This is due to the exponential growth of the population, greater demand for resources, generating a decline in them. Innovations in technology for the extraction of resources are also a factor, since they are easier to obtain and the exploitation of governments and corporations have reduced the productivity and viability of the old sustainable co-evolutionary systems (**).
And still, if you want to carry out ecological development there is no great impact on society, for many reasons such as:
a) the dominant culture of consumerism (the more you have the better).
b) the political, economic and social elites, both locally and globally, who resist losing influence and power before adopting greater local self-sufficiency and autonomy (***).
Permaculture at Taino Farm is built based on the persistence of the culture of self-sufficiency, community values and the conservation of a variety of skills, both conceptual and practical.
At Taino Farm, we are very committed to nature since we obtain natural resources through sustainable systems that generate help to the environment and to the local society such as aquaponics production systems.
The aquaponics system at Taino Farm simulates a body of natural water, however, it is sustainable. Being a closed system completely managed by humans, the water use rate is low.
A high production of Tilapia fish and different species of plants as mint, basil, spinach are generated at a controlled rate, and without generating an impact on the environment.